The 2nd day of the 4th Summer School “Multidisciplinary Approach to Global Crisis Mitigation” focused on innovative strategies to combat climate change, sustainable development, and global health challenges, presented by distinguished experts.

Berita UNAIR Pascasarjana, Selasa, 11 Juni 2024  – Assoc. Prof. Lin Hang Chiang Hsieh from National Taipei University of Technology, Taiwan, discussed “From Climate Change to Systematic Thinking: An Example as Water-Energy-Resource Nexus.” He emphasized that there is no single solution to climate change, advocating for a mix of mitigation and adaptation strategies through systematic thoughts. Prof. Hsieh highlighted the efficiency of applying the REW nexus (Resource-Energy-Water) to address energy for water situations, combining water reclamation for shortages and renewable energy for carbon reduction.

Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Nhat Huy from Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology, Vietnam, addressed “Global Environmental Challenge and Opportunity in Developing Countries.” He began with the Japanese concept of Ikigai to introduce sustainable development, highlighting the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Prof. Huy outlined pressing global environmental challenges such as global warming, poor governance, food waste, biodiversity loss, plastic pollution, and water insecurity. He also presented opportunities in developing countries, including renewable energy, low carbon technology, and ecological agriculture, underscoring the importance of multidisciplinary research in environmental treatment.

Dr. Ni Made Sukartini from the Postgraduate School of Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, spoke on “Health for Human Capital Investment and Sustainable Development.” She highlighted the importance of early-life health on human capital and income, using height as a long-term health indicator. Dr. Sukartini emphasized the impact of childhood illnesses on physical growth and the rising cases of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Indonesia. She called for comprehensive strategies to improve health outcomes and sustainable development, stressing the importance of education, behavioral aspects, and environmental quality.

Youdil from Kyoto University, Japan, presented on “Urban Living in Indonesia in the Era of Climate Crisis.” Youdil highlighted the severe impacts of climate change on urban environments, particularly in Indonesia, where rapid urbanization exacerbates the challenges.

Nurhafiza Zainal, Ph.D., from Universiti Malaya, Malaysia, presented on “Dengue Virus Pathogenesis: Host Genes/Proteins for Regulation of Immune Response and Diagnostic Strategies.” Dr. Zainal highlighted the persistent challenge dengue poses, emphasizing that precision or prognostic treatment based on biomarkers could improve management and treatment. She advocated for an integrated approach to dengue resolution, incorporating vector control, human behavior, and environmental factors. Dr. Zainal stressed the importance of community education and engagement to ensure the effective implementation of preventive measures.

Dr. Nadia Naim from Aston University, UK, spoke on “Intellectual Property and Artificial Intelligence: Global Crisis Management Challenges and Opportunities for the Digital Revolution.” She explored how intellectual property (IP) systems can balance the needs for innovation and access during crises. Dr. Naim discussed the critical role of a robust IP ecosystem that goes beyond laws and regulations, emphasizing the importance of acceptance, adoption, and enforcement. She highlighted the opportunities for IP in emerging technologies and the digital environment, underscoring the need for improved IP protection, online tools for IP valuation, and support for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Assoc. Prof. Thinzar Win from the University of Mandalay, Myanmar, presented on “Pull and Push Factors of Migration in Mandalay, Myanmar.” She identified key pull factors such as better urban infrastructure and job opportunities, while push factors included poor governance and economic hardship. Prof. Win’s findings revealed that young people migrate more frequently to improve their quality of life and economic prospects. She recommended enhancing local conditions to reduce migration and alleviate urban congestion.

Prof. Mas Rahmah from the Postgraduate School of Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia, discussed “The Integration of Traditional Knowledge and Local Wisdom in Mitigating and Adapting Climate Change.” She emphasized the diversity of Indonesia’s ethnic groups and the importance of incorporating local wisdom and traditional knowledge into climate change strategies. Prof. Rahmah called for government policies that protect local people’s rights and involve them in environmental management, advocating for a decentralized approach to climate change adaptation and mitigation.

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