News of UNAIR Postgraduate School, 28 Sep 2021 – The Postgraduate School of Universitas Airlangga again held the Airlangga Forum with the theme “International Law With Special Reference to Contagious Diseases”. Present as a speaker as well as a resource person at this webinar are Dr. Annesh V Pillai.
As a country that has a legal system related to international law, of course Indonesia has internal and external responsibilities. According to Dr. Annesh, the origin of the creation of state responsibility dates back to 1646, which is quoted from one of the famous figures of his time who asserted that every mistake creates an obligation to make good losses. According to him, the responsibility of the state itself is a protracted task where internal faults themselves have something to do with regulations outside the country’s borders.
The various regulations that are formed are not only to fulfill the status or fill them out, but also need real action as a form of indirect state representative responsibility. Dr. Annesh also agrees that the movement of the executive and administrative authorities is the key to the emergence of an action. Various kinds of shortcomings can not be faced only with regulations that are only announced and later only become riots everywhere. International regulations also make the responsibility for the countries of the world for the orderliness of governmental activities in each country.
As for some examples from Dr. Annesh for International regulations that are made later will be used for governmental order in various countries. One of the conventional policies in Article 3 of the Fourth Hague Convention in 1907, concerning the law and land wars such as party riots, where later the party concerned is obliged to pay compensation and be responsible for the results of his behavior in terms of overall losses. In addition, Dr. Annesh also stated that the violation could be raised or challenged in the international constitution. Basically, such negligence can be considered as an act of negligence in violation of the law of international state obligations, to avoid it all there is a need for innovation and legal developments in each country, especially in the existing international legal framework and must be interrelated with the country’s responsibilities.
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