International Lecture with Dr Iftekhar Ahmed, Univ Newcastle Australia, and Dr Annisa Srikandini, UNICEF Indonesia: Social Protection to Overcome Disaster Impacts

News of UNAIR Postgraduate School, 2 Jun 2021 – Postgraduate School of Universitas Airlangga (UNAIR) held an International Webinar on the topic of ADAPTIVE SOCIAL PROTECTION IN INDONESIA. Present as speakers such as Dr. Iftekhar Ahmed from the University of Newcastle, Australia, Dr. Annisa Gita Srikandini from UNICEF Indonesia, and Dr. Vivi Yulaswati., MSc, from the Minister of National Development Planning for Social Affairs and Poverty Reduction. This event was hosted by a moderator, namely Dr. Arief Hargono from the Master of Disaster Management program at UNAIR Graduate School. 

Iftekhar believes that Adaptive Social Protection (ASP) is needed to prepare for disaster management in the world to reduce the magnitude of the impact caused after the disaster. ASP has been implemented by the United Nations in Indonesia starting in 2020 to overcome the problem of the COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic has indeed caused the collapse of the economy, which has led to a decline in purchasing power, as well as a drastic drop in people’s incomes. 695.2 trillion rupiahs have been disbursed by the Indonesian government for the handling of COVID-19 itself. Humanitarian aid itself is used to intervene in the effects of national-scale disasters, to avoid more casualties.

Meanwhile, Yulaswati stated that climate change that is not followed by development based on climate development will create around 100 million new extremely poor people in 2030. She also argues that several pathways increase community resilience, so that community preparedness in dealing with disasters can be responded to quickly. Those three things are social protection, climate change adaptation, and disaster loss mitigation. 

Four steps must be prepared to build social protection, namely building data and information about the community, good financial management for local governments for disaster management, institutional planning and collaboration with various agencies, and good programs for disaster mitigation. “The COVID pandemic needs reforms on social protection in various countries,” He said. In the event of a disaster, the funds that are most prepared to be channeled to disaster management are indeed the government’s budget. Determining the budget for disaster management depends on who the target is, how many people are affected, and how long the budget will take.

In line with this, Annisa states that adaptive social protection is needed by every country to protect the economic impact on society in the event of a shock. Indonesia itself has implemented three types of social protection for the COVID-19 pandemic, namely life insurance, adaptive PKH, and rapid response to the emergence of positive cases to capture new and more efficient programs. Ideally, a good social protection program must be based on a comprehensive mechanism for handling, supported by political elites, and can be applied to social protection targets.

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