Lecture 4: “European Regionalism Revived: The Case of EU Enlargement in Times of War” by Marek Neuman, Assistant Professor in History and Theory of European Integration, University of Groningen
News of UNAIR Postgraduate School, 31 May 2022 – Whenever we talk about EU, there will always be an issue on the enlargement of EU. Enlargement of EU is a concept where The EU prepared other nations to join EU, mainly a third nation country. This issue came alive again in recent years, especially after the conflict of Ukraine with Russia erupt. So, how we tackle this issue? Could? Or Should? Ukraine or other nations join the EU because of war? Is the enlargement of EU a de facto dead policy?
The enlargement of EU actually defined the existence of EU. Historically, EU keep expanding it size. Even though they face tough challenges, like a difficult negotiation or even of exiting member state (Brexit), there still some possibility left. But even there is some possibility left, they also has some challenges left, mainly about the conflict on value of the potential member with the value of EU. According to the Copenhagen Criteria, legally the potential member must adopt and accept the EU Value. Those value are democracy, rule of law, protect the minority, join the EU market, and adopt all EU Law. This later can have some problem in the practice area.
All of this issue later brings some consequences. For member state, mainly it will be losing their appeal to the EU. And for the potential member state, it will be losing their interest to join the EU and may required them to search another potential organization similar to the EU. Public opinion may also take a larger part on this issue. How the public can switch their opinion on EU can may became a less favorable position for EU.
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